How to Learn About Sectors and Invest in Them


Many startup investors begin with a portfolio theory approach in which one makes a few investments across a broad range of sectors. I often hear, “My strategy is to invest in good deals.” This is easier said than done. A broad-based investing approach requires the investor to come up to speed on each and every sector. That’s a lot of homework for an investment in one or two deals.

Some investors choose to focus on a few key domains and become an expert in those areas. By diving deep one can understand the trends, challenges and factors that drive company success. There’s a risk that if you have too many companies in a sector you are at risk for major disruptions.

If the sector is broad enough you can move to new areas within the space as it matures.

How to find deals in a Sector

To find deals in a sector you can search the Crunchbase for sector specific reports. Pitchbook produces funded reports by sector by subscribing to their daily newsletter. To meet with startups, conferences are a great place to find personal introductions. Also, venture capital is now evolving into service models in which they not only fund the companies, but also help with operations such as sales, CFO, etc.  It’s not hard to find a list of VC firms focused on a sector.

Understanding the Challenges in the Sector

By focusing on a sector one can learn the challenges in that sector and look for companies who are solving those challenges in new and unique ways. By talking with startups about how their product/service works the investor comes to learn the key issues in that industry sector.

Identifying the Risks to Overcome

Every sector comes with its risks such as regulatory.  Also, disruption from new technologies is an ever present risk in the industry. By spending time with startups and investors in the space, it becomes clear where the risks come from and what one can do to mitigate the risk.

Tracking the Trends in a Sector

With the increase in newsletters, podcasts, meetups, and more, one can track the trends in a sector. There are aggregator tools such as Feedly that let you build lists of sites and find updates as new information arises. By reviewing conference agendas for sector specific shows, one can learn the topics that are top of mind for those in the sector.

Hall T. MartinHall T. Martin is the founder of TEN Capital and a builder of entrepreneur ecosystems by startup funding through angel networks, funding portals, syndicates, and more. Connect with him about fundraising, business growth, and emerging technologies

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